There are several ways for Cryptosporidium infection to be acquired:
- person to person contact with an infected individual
- contact with infected animals or their faeces
- drinking contaminated water such as from lochs and streams or from contaminated supplies
- swimming in contaminated water
- eating contaminated food such as raw vegetables and salads
Infection can be more severe in people who are immunocompromised.
For all infection prevention and control guidance visit the A-Z pathogens section of the National Infection and Prevention Control Manual.
Read more in the following scientific papers:
- An audit of Cryptosporidium and Giardia detection in Scottish National Health Services Diagnostic Microbiology Laboratories
- Molecular diversity of Scottish Cryptosporidium hominis isolates
- An outbreak of Cryptosporidium parvum across England & Scotland associated with consumption of fresh pre-cut salad leaves
- Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium parvum isolates from human cryptosporidiosis cases in Scotland
Data and surveillance
* 2020 data remains provisional
Data source: Public Health Scotland