The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has published a rapid risk assessment looking at the health risks related to communicable diseases for citizens of the EU and the EEA during their stay in Russia for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
The public health implications for European countries when travellers return after the event is also examined.
Travellers are advised to ensure that all of their vaccinations are up to date in accordance with the recommended immunisation schedule in their country of residence.
It is particularly important to protect against measles given the ongoing transmission of this virus in Europe.
As with all mass gatherings, attendees will also be at risk from gastrointestinal illnesses and should employ standard hygiene measures to avoid this. Condoms should be used with new or casual sexual partners to decrease the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
There are no concerns about an increased risk of vaccine-preventable disease beyond that which would normally be associated with mass gathering events such as this.
The ECDC recommends that the surveillance put in place for communicable diseases in Russia and EU countries should be sensitive enough to detect threats at an early stage to prevent or reduce the impact of outbreaks.
The ECDC will conduct enhanced epidemic intelligence surveillance for communicable diseases from 7-22 July 2018.
Source: ECDC, 28 May 2018