The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has investigated the scientific basis for the emergency authorisation of neonicotinoid pesticides in seven EU Member States (Bulgaria, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania) in 2017.
In 2013 the European Commission placed restrictions on the use of pesticide products containing the active substances clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid. This followed an assessment by the EFSA which showed that the substances posed risks to bee health (see current note 52/1710).
Member state governments may override the restrictions and issue emergency authorisations in cases where there is evidence that the threat from particular plant pests cannot be contained by other means. Several member states have repeatedly granted such authorisations since 2013.
The EFSA’s reports evaluate on a country-by-country basis whether other pesticides could have been substituted for the neonicotinoid products as well as assessing the availability of non-insecticidal alternatives.
Source: EFSA, 21 June 2018