The European Union One Health 2018 Zoonoses Report

17 December 2019

Article: 53/5005

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) have published the results of zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2018 in 36 European countries (28 member states (MS) and eight non-MS).

According to the European Union One Health 2018 Zoonoses Report, the first and second most commonly reported zoonoses in humans were campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis, respectively. The EU trend for confirmed human cases of these two diseases was stable during 2014–2018.

The proportion of human salmonellosis cases due to Salmonella enteritidis was at the same level in 2018 as in 2017. 

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections in humans were the third most commonly reported zoonosis in the EU and increased from 2014 to 2018. Yersiniosis was the fourth most frequently reported zoonosis in humans in 2018 with a stable trend in 2014–2018. The number of reported confirmed listeriosis cases further increased in 2018, despite Listeria rarely exceeding the EU food safety limit tested in ready-to-eat food.

In total, 5,146 food- and waterborne outbreaks were reported, affecting 48,365 people. Salmonella was the most commonly detected agent with S. enteritidis causing one in five outbreaks. Slovakia, Spain and Poland accounted for 67% of the 1,581 Salmonella outbreaks, which were mainly linked to eggs.

A large increase of human West Nile virus infections was reported in 2018. The report also contains data on bovine tuberculosis, Brucella, Trichinella, Echinococcus, Toxoplasma, rabies, Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) and tularaemia.

Sources: ECDC and EFSA, both 12 December 2019