Publication Date: 30 June 2001

Chloramines are products of the reaction between ammonia and chlorine, and the type of chloramine will depend upon the relative amounts of chlorine and ammonia. Chloramines can be used as a disinfectant in water supplies, and has the advantage of creating fewer by-products than when chlorine itself is used. Monochloramine has been used as a disinfectant at concentrations that typically range from 1.5 – 2.5 mg/L.

Contained in this document:

  • Routes of exposure to chloramines
  • Standards/concentration thresholds
  • Metabolism and toxicity information
  • Health effect information
  • Sources of information about chloramines

Resource information

Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health
Publication type:
Guideline and Guidance