This publication has been produced by ARHAI Scotland, part of NHS National Services Scotland.
Revised 7 September 2021
During the production of the report for 2020, data quality issues were found in the 2019 report on human antimicrobial resistance data and these data were subsequently re-processed.
An unplanned revision has been undertaken and corrections to figures and messages have been highlighted in red. Updates have also been made to the Animal Antimicrobial Use and Minimising the spread of AMR through the environment sections.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) remains a major public health issue. AMR occurs when microorganisms, such as bacteria, adapt the ability to survive exposure to a treatment that would normally kill them.
Inappropriate and unnecessary antibiotic use speeds up the development of AMR. A ‘One Health’ approach is required to tackle AMR and its drivers across all settings (humans, animals and the environment).
This report provides information relating to antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in a range of human and animal infections in Scotland.
The report is intended to support planning, prioritisation and evaluation of initiatives to optimise antimicrobial use and to minimise antimicrobial resistance.